Lamartine, Alphonse de

(1790-1869)
   poet, statesman
   A leader in the romantic movement, Alphonse de Lamartine was born in Mâcon to a royalist family. A fervent Catholic in his youth, he became secretary to the French embassy at Naples under King louis XV III and later served at Florence. Elected to the Chamber of Deputies, he served as minister of foreign affairs in the provisional government of 1848. Remaining deeply religious, Lamartine had his faith shaken by the death of his daughter (Geth-sémani, 1834), and he became a proponent of a liberal and socially active Christianity (a view that he supported when he served in the government, 1833-51), with 1848 marking the apogee of his political career (a member of the first provisional government; foreign minister), but as a moderate he could please neither the extreme left or right. Lamartine was also interested in literature and took up writing early in life. As a writer, he is known chiefly for his poetry. it is characterized by strong sentiments, expressed with lyrical grace and refinement, as well as with a gentle melancholy and effective descriptions of nature and rural scenery. His most popular and influential volume of poems is Méditations poétiques (1820). Other volumes are Nouvelles méditations poétiques (1823), Harmonies poétiques et religieuses (1830), Jocelyn (1836), La Chute d'un ange (1838), and Les Recueillements poétiques (1839). Lamartine was also a prolific writer of history, biography, critical works, and fiction. His prose writings include Histoire des girondins (1847), Les Confidences (1849), the autobiographical novels Raphael (1849) and Graziella (1852), and his Cours familiar de littérature (1856-59). Lamartine was opposed to the regime of napoléon III (1851) but, too poor to go into self-exile, as did victor hugo, he retired from public life and "sentenced himself," he said, to "forced literary labor." Considered an inspiration to the young romantics because of his lyrical style, Lamartine was honored early in his career, being elected to the Académie Française in 1829. See also revolution of 1848.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lamartine, Alphonse de — • Poet, b. at Macon Saône et Loire, France, 21 Oct., 1790; d. at Paris, l March, 1869 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Lamartine, Alphonse de — born Oct. 21, 1790, Mâcon, France died Feb. 28, 1869, Paris French poet and statesman. After brief military service under Louis XVIII, he turned to literature, writing verse tragedies and elegies. He is chiefly remembered for his successful first …   Universalium

  • Lamartine, Alphonse de — (1790–1869)    A French poet, author, and politician of the Romantic era, Alphonse de Lamartine was born Mâcon Saône et Loire in 1790 to a provincial noble family. During his youth, Lamartine traveled frequently and served briefly in the army. In …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • Lamartine, Alphonse de — ► (1790 1869) Político y poeta romántico francés. Respecto a su carrera política es necesario señalar su clara tendencia liberal. En la revolución de 1848 no logró acceder al poder debido a su pusilanimidad. Autor de Primeras meditaciones… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lamartine,Alphonse Marie Louis de Prat de — La·mar·tine (lä mär tēnʹ), Alphonse Marie Louis de Prat de. 1790 1869. French romantic poet who served briefly as minister of foreign affairs (1848). * * * …   Universalium

  • LAMARTINE, ALPHONSE MARIE DE —    a French author, politician, and poet, born in Mâcon; his poetic effusions procured for him admission into the French Academy, and in 1834 he entered the Chamber of Deputies; his ability as a poet, and the independent attitude he maintained in …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Lamartine — Lamartine, Alphonse de …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Alphonse de Lamartine — Lamartine peint par Decaisne (musée de Mâcon) Nom de naissance Alphonse Marie Louis de Prat de Lamartine …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alphonse De Lamartine — Lamartine peint par Decaisne (musée de Mâcon) Nom de naissance Alphonse Marie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Alphonse de Lamartine — Alphonse Marie Louis Prat de Lamartine (* 21. Oktober 1790 in Mâcon; † 28. Februar 1869 in Paris) war ein französischer Dichter, Schriftsteller und Politiker …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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